The term ‘cut’ is basically used to refer to the proportions of the diamond – NOT its shape (for instance marquise, round brilliant, princess, pear etc.). No matter what shape, a diamond or its facets always need to be cut and polished to add to its brilliancy and scintillation – to allow for the maximum amount of light to enter through its top, and to get reflected and dispersed back the same way. If the angles are right, then the light that enters the diamond is properly dispersed back via its top facets. On the other hand, if a stone is cut really shallow or deep, the light entering the top through the top of the diamond escapes via its bottom – it never lets the maximum beauty of the diamond shine through!
Diamonds can be acquired in just about any imaginable color, but people typically prefer buying diamonds in the white range. However, the best color for a diamond is having no color at all! This is because diamonds that are colorless allow for the light to pass through them easily, which eventually results in the light getting dispersed easily. The colors of a diamond are graded from being totally colorless to light yellow. However, what you need to know is that the differences between one grade and the other are extremely subtle, and you seriously need to have a trained eye with extensive experience to grade a diamond with regards to its color.
The amount and location of flaws, better known as blemishes is what determines the clarity of a diamond. However, it is determined by viewing the diamond under 10 power (10x) magnification. Clarity grades are rated in diamonds from being totally flawless to imperfect. A majority of diamonds found these days come with really small birthmarks that are known as inclusions. The fewer the inclusions a diamond has, the more beautiful it will be because inclusions have the potential to interfere with the light passing through the diamond. Remember: diamonds that are free of any surface blemishes and inclusions are extremely rare, which is why you might find yourself paying more for them.
This is basically the weight of a diamond in terms of carats. If the carat weight of a diamond is high, it proves that it is rare and its price will be high too. Remember, one carat is divided into 100 ‘points’. This means that a diamond with 75 points is about .75 in terms of its carat weight. One thing that needs to be mentioned here is that although it is possible for two diamonds to have the same carat weight, their value isn’t guaranteed to be the same for the difference in their color, clarity and cut. Remember, you must NEVER rush into purchasing a diamond. Give yourself a bit of time to evaluate your choice – the time that you spend in evaluating your chosen diamond is guaranteed to bring you more satisfaction, pleasure and happiness for years and years to come!